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The Historical Variation of the Pragmeme ‘Greeting’ in Romanian

Publicația: Revue roumaine de linguistique, LXIII (1-2), Secțiunea The Anatomy of Speech Acts, p. 73-97
Speech Acts across Time and Space / Actes de language à travers le temps et l’espace
Edited by Andra Vasilescu and Cameron Taylor
Editura:Editura Academiei
Rezumat:The article focuses on greetings and phenomena related to greetings from the perspective of pragmatic act and speech act theories. Greetings reflect a communicative behaviour with ritual roots. The analysis is based mainly on a corpus of written texts from the 17th – 19th centuries and on several corpora of present-day spoken Romanian. Greetings are utterances whose goal varies across time: in the premodern and at the beginning of the modern Romanian society the goal of a greeting is both to produce gratification and to highlight the obligations of social inferiors towards their superiors, in a rigid hierarchy (the preferred allopracts being mainly nonverbal). When the social hierarchy gradually begins to lose its rigidity, greetings are used to produce gratification and social bonds or even to promote a type of self-image. In the transition from marking social obligations to marking social bonds, some ritual forms have become conventionalized, obscuring for their users their original meaning.
Cuvinte-cheie:pragmeme, allopract, pract, greeting, speech act, ritual, convention
Limba: engleză

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