Baza de date „Diacronia” (BDD)

Preverbal Subjects and Topic Marking in Romanian

Publicația: Revue roumaine de linguistique, LXII (3), p. 279-322
Information structure and the left periphery / La structure informationnelle et la périphérie gauche
Edited by Ion Giurgea
Editura:Editura Academiei
Rezumat:Given the fact that subjecthood is not marked in Romanian by placement in a dedicated preverbal position, Romanian has been described as a VSO language in generative studies. From this perspective, the frequency of SV orders is somehow unexpected. I present the pragmatic and structural conditions on subject placement in Romanian and discuss an account which derives the (un)acceptability of the various possible orders based on the idea of a multifunctional position in the preverbal field, which is always present and is used for informational-structural purposes but can also be filled by raising the closest argument. I present evidence that preverbal subjects which are neither topics nor foci do exist in Romanian. I identify certain environments where such subjects are disallowed and propose a prosody-based account for the observed restrictions. I compare the multifunctional position account with other possible analyses, concluding that there are two other accounts which can cover the data: one based on distinct peripheral heads associated with an EPP-feature, and one that replaces the EPP-feature by a pragmatic principle. Finally, I argue that the observed facts are compatible with a view of Romanian as a topic-oriented language.
Cuvinte-cheie:subjects, information structure, topics, word order, Romanian
Limba: engleză

Citări la această publicație: 4

Referințe în această publicație: 4

3Ion GiurgeaBare quantifier fronting as contrastive topicalizationBWPL, XVII (2)2015html
5Silvio Cruschina, Ion Giurgea, Eva-Maria RembergerFocus Fronting Between Declaratives and ExclamativesRRL, LX (2-3), 257-2752015pdf
25Laurenția Dascălu-JingaMelodia vorbirii în limba românăUnivers Enciclopedic2001
15Alexandra CornilescuThe Double Subject Construction in Romanian. Notes on the Syntax of the SubjectRRL, XLII (3-4), 1011997

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