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La grammaticalisation du présomptif en roumain

Publication: Revue roumaine de linguistique, LIV (1-2), p. 151-160
Publisher:Editura Academiei
Abstract:In the written texts dating from the 16 th–18 th centuries, most of the modal forms seem to be underdeveloped. Our attention is also drawn by the large number and the various means of expressing [+ fulfilled] action or [+ anteriority]. More often than not, all the periphrases combine with the Past Participle and the Present Participle, giving rise to an intermediary form known in Romanian as “prezumtiv”, which does not have a clearly defined status: “tense”, “conjugation form”, “epistemic or potential variant” (Iliescu 1999 : 108), but which, under no circumstances, should be considered as a mood in its own right since it borrows forms from some other moods and since, semantically, it is not the only one to express epistemic values. When it was first recorded, the periphrase had no modal value but rather aspectual − temporal ones, being marked [+ duration] and having present, future or past time reference. It explains why the form ară fi aflând is the synonym of the conditional form aş(i), ai, ară + fi + the participle of the lexical verb, not to mention that at the time the two forms of the participle were confused.
Language: French

Citations to this publication: 9

References in this publication: 9

396Valeria Guțu Romalo (coord.)GALR
Gramatica limbii române. I. Cuvântul; II. Enunțul
Editura Academiei2005; 2008
3Sanda Reinheimer Rîpeanu« Om trăi și om vedea »RRL, XXXIX (2), 1791994
3Sanda Reinheimer Rîpeanu« Ce-o fi, o fi »RRL, XXXIX (5-6), 5111994
44Maria Manoliu-ManeaGramatică, pragmasemantică și discursLitera1993
224Mioara AvramGramatica pentru toțiEditura Academiei; Humanitas1986; 1997, 2001
6Mioara AvramCondiționalul cu valoare de indicativ trecut în texte vechi româneștiSCL, XXVII (4), 3531976
157Iorgu IordanStilistica limbii româneEditura Științifică1975
6Elena Berea-GăgeanuForme verbale de viitor cu auxiliarul a fi în limba românăLR, XXIII (2), 971974
78Alexandru GraurTendințele actuale ale limbii româneEditura Științifică1968

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