Baza de date „Diacronia” (BDD)

Work in Progress: Constitutions

Publicația: Revue roumaine de linguistique, LIII (3), p. 303-312
Editura:Editura Academiei
Rezumat:The article discusses how authors of constitutions have conceptually developed semantic fields (e.g community, territory, leadership) in their texts. The highest goal of modern constitutions is to avoid suppressing supremacy and to guarantee external as internal sovereignty and commonwealth. The tradition of modern „state organization” goes back to the end of the 18th century. Since then modern constitutions comprise rights of the citizens (e. g freedom, equality, property) as well as duties (e.g fiscal imposition). Nevertheless, the main terms ‘freedom’, ‘property’, ‘security’ or ‘resistance’, which can be found in modern constitutions, are referentially very indefinite. In the paper a catalogue of twenty-one questions regarding the concept of ‘state’ will be listed which authors of constitutions should try to answer. Modern constitutions have a traditional typological structure starting from a preamble up to revision regulations. The Treaty of the European Union, signed in Maastricht in 1992, however, is the first text that unifies two very different textual traditions: on the one hand the ‘international economic agreement’ type, on the other hand the ‘declaration of human rights’ type. In the yet existing version(s) of the European Constitution a series of elements make the text dysfunctional.
Limba: engleză

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