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Étymo-mythologies dans l’œuvre de Mircea Eliade

Publicația: Philologica Jassyensia, XII (2), p. 35-46
Editura:Institutul de Filologie Română „A. Philippide”
Rezumat:[Etymo-mythologies in Mircea Eliade’s Prose]
The interpretation of fictional names from Eliade’s work, drawn within a linguistically non-arbitrary universe (precisely because they belong to a literature which tries to give meaning, to re-consecrate, to discover the meaning / the sacred under its camouflage), proceeds first of all from an intentionality acknowledged by Eliade regarding what specialized literature refers to as “rigid designation” and “contingent designation”. In what concerns the first sintagm, one has the author’s confession in the Trial of the Labyrinth referring to the name of the old Fărâmă (from On Mântuleasa Street); in what concerns the second one, there is the letter from January the 11th 1972, addressed to Mac Linscott Ricketts, where Eliade explains the semantism of a designator from the play Endless Column, connecting it with its role in the work’s economy.
The present paper follows some suggestions of reading fictional names from Eliade’s work asserted by Eugen Simion, Matei Călinescu, Ştefan Borbely, Gheorghe Glodeanu, Sabina Fânaru, Lăcrămioara Berechet: “voluntary or involuntary matching” of names, the non-aleatory nature of characters’ names, the motivated nature of the name etc. The paper aims at an analysis of Eliade’s fictional universe from the perspective of the names bearing myths, of their mythophorical contents. The approach is justified by the very nature of the language imbued with meaning, re-enchanting the world: an intensely sacralised universe has as correspondent an intensely semanticised language, and the motivated nature of the name is the result of an effort of re-signifying a desecrated universe. The analysis proceeds with the working instruments of what some researchers name etymo-mythology, and others mythological linguistics and observes names’ mythological embodiments, according to myths invented by Eliade himself.
The object of this work is the way in which the tissues of the language generate the Eliadesque fictional world and one of the recurrent threads of these tissues belongs to the mythology of names. The fictional world becomes intelligible through the spectrum of the mythological contents of the characters’ names that give it shape; spectrally decomposed, the names reveal sacred contents.
The proper name is constructed in a nuclear space, as a designator that obtains significations in relation with the text, as well as (from the point of view of the narration that reedits the function of the myth that forms parallel worlds) a myth. The Cratylization of the proper name, its motivation is realized through the link created between the amount of descriptions that fixate the nature of the character throughout the work, and the internalized monemes of the sign, the context being “responsible” for the relation created between significant and signified. The interpretative semantics offered tools necessary to an endeavour of this kind, along with poetics, stylistics, modal semantics and mythological linguistics.
Cuvinte-cheie:name, etymo-mythology, motivation, cratylization, context
Limba: franceză

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