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The Grammaticalization of the Future Tense Forms in 16th Century Romanian

Publication: Revue roumaine de linguistique, LVI (4), p. 421-440
Publisher:Editura Academiei
Abstract:The paper researches the competition between the various future paradigms in 16th century Romanian. It is especially concerned with the possibility of the extinct gerundial future to express aspectual features such as progressiveness and iteration. The article also investigates the process of grammaticalization of each 16th century future form, on the path from obligation to future tense (for the have form) and from future inflection to epistemic modality mark (for the want forms).
This article investigates the 16th century future tense system of Romanian from a typological perspective. The research will be diachronic, attempting to clarify aspects regarding the use of the future forms in the 16th century, their frequency, and whether they had already developed a modal meaning in the first Romanian texts that are attested. The study is carried out on basis of a large corpus, consisting out of 14 translated texts and 2 collections of original texts of the 16th century. For specific purposes, a supplementary corpus was analysed, consisting of 6 volumes of the DRH collection of original 17th century Romanian texts.
The main objective of this study is to follow the grammaticalization process of the auxiliaries a vrea and a avea from lexical meaning to future tense inflection and, finally, to modality mark in Romanian (in the case of a vrea). The article will analyse at which stage of grammaticalization the various future forms are in the 16th century.
Special attention will be given to the extinct gerundial future paradigm, in order to determine the meaning of the future form which incorporates the gerund and whether it was used in the 16th century as an aspectual variant of the infinitival future, or its occurrence is entirely due to the literal translation from Hungarian or Church Slavonic.
Key words:Grammaticalization, Future Tense, Epistemic Modality, Old Romanian
Language: English

Citations to this publication: 6

References in this publication: 11

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