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The Subject of the Supine Clause in Romanian and A-Chains

Publication: Revue roumaine de linguistique, LVI (4), p. 371-392
Publisher:Editura Academiei
Abstract:After a brief presentation of the Romanian data regarding the lexical subject of non-finite verbal forms and the types of control allowed in Romanian, the author discusses supine configurations with controlled covert subjects and with lexical overt subjects. The lexical subject is very limited from a syntactic point of view: it can only appear in supine relative clauses and in tough-constructions with a passive embedded supine. Apparently, in these configurations the supine assigns Case. In Romanian control structures, the overt subject can be lexicalized in different slots in the main clause or in the embedded clause, a fact which raises problems for most of the current approaches to control. After reviewing the main theoretical proposals, the author concludes that the most appropriate theory for these problematic data is the one put forth by Alboiu (2007) for the Romanian subjunctive, i.e. the position of the lexical subject in control configurations is determined by pragmatic factors. The comparison between the subjunctive control configuration and the supine control configuration shows that these two constructions apparently follow the same rules. Although pragmatics is the key-notion for the choice of the slot of the lexical subject, we are far from understanding the exact relation between pragmatic effects and the position of the lexical subject.
Key words:supine, control, subject, pragmatic effects
Language: English

Citations to this publication: 6

References in this publication: 10

15Gabriela Pană DindeleganDin istoria supinului românescIpostaze, I, 1192011
396Valeria Guțu Romalo (coord.)GALR
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Editura Academiei2005; 2008
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Dificultăţi, controverse, noi interpretări
Humanitas Educaţional2003
273Angela Bidu-Vrănceanu, Cristina Călărașu, Liliana Ionescu-Ruxăndoiu, Mihaela Mancaș, Gabriela Pană DindeleganDicționar de științe ale limbiiEditura Nemira2001; 2005
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Studii de sintaxă comparată a limbilor romanice
Editura Univers2000
46Gabriela Pană DindeleganSintaxă și semantică
Clase de cuvinte și forme gramaticale cu dublă natură
Tipografia Universității din București1992
3Gabriela Pană DindeleganStructura sintactică Nominal + Adverb (sau Adjectiv) + SupinLR, XXXI (1), 51982
18Matilda Caragiu Marioțeanu„Moduri nepersonale”SCL, XIII (1), 291962
48Édouard BourciezÉléments de linguistique romaneKlincksieck1910; 1956; 1967; 1992

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