“Diacronia” bibliometric database (BDD)

Les adverbiaux roum. în chip ..., în mod ... ‘d’une manière’. Notes synchroniques et diachroniques

Publication: Revue roumaine de linguistique, LVII (3), p. 263-289
Publisher:Editura Academiei
Abstract:In contemporary Romanian, manner can be expressed by manner expressions [în mod ‘in a way’ + adjective] (mod ‘manner, way, mode’) and [în chip ‘in a way’ + adjective] (chip ‘face ; image ; appearance ; look ; shape ; manner’). The two structures contain loanwords (mod is a Romance loanword, chip has a Hungarian or/and Slavic etymon) and have analogous uses in other languages. The main aim of the article is to describe the uses and the meaning of these adverbials in the contemporary Romanian as well as in old and (pre-)modern Romanian. The expressions [în mod + qualifying/relative/reference-modifying adjective] are nowadays more frequent (12 : 1) and are stylistically unmarked compared to those containing chip, which are characteristic for the high register and essay writing. The question that remains to be answered is why the older expressions containing chip have not been generally used to express manner and have very limited usage in contemporary language. Using diachronic data, the author proposes some hypotheses that would explain the synchronic variation of the aforementioned expressions in present-day Romanian. She considers that the evolution of the adverbials containing chip must be studied alongside other phenomena, i.e. the development of the adverbials containing fel ‘manner, way, species, kind’ and mod ‘manner, way, mode’ and the diachronic dynamics of the taxonomic nouns. She also advances the idea that there is a correspondence between the non-factive and, particularly, counter-factive nature of the word chip (see the pragmaticalisation of the adverb chipurile ‘seemingly, apparently’) and of the aforementioned lexicalized structures, which in fact could maybe block the development of an unmarked usage. Another explanation proposed for the obsolescence of the adverbials containing în chip is related to the cultural context in the (pre-)modern Romanian, i.e. the “Re-Romanization” of the vocabulary.
Key words:Manner, Romanian Adverbials, Evidential Adverbs, Linguistic Change, Linguistic Borrowing
Language: French

Citations to this publication: 0

References in this publication: 16

2Adrian ChircuDespre fel „în multe chipuri”. Observaţii asupra lexicalizării şi gramaticalizării adverbiale a unui substantiv, românescul fel LR, LXI (1), 54-602012pdf
4Adrian ChircuDespre mod, în „fel și chip”. Observații asupra gramaticalizării adverbiale a unui substantiv, rom. ChipIpostaze, I, 572011
2Gabriela ScripnicL’étude de l’adverbe chipurile en tant que marqueur évidentielControverse, I, 1512010pdf
5Carmen Mîrzea VasileCe înseamnă adverb de mod?LR, LVIII (2), 238-2472009pdf
178Constantin FrâncuGramatica limbii române vechi (1521-1780)Casa Editorială „Demiurg”2009
39Maria Stanciu IstrateCalcul lingvistic în limba română
(Cu specială referire la scrieri beletristice din secolul al XIX-lea)
Editura Academiei2006
6Alexandru Niculescu„Romania hungarica” - contacte lingvistice şi culturale româno-maghiareStudia UPM, 4, 18-342005pdf
33Bernd Heine, Tania KutevaWorld Lexicon of GrammaticalizationCambridge University Press2002
81Teodor CorbeaDictiones latinae cum valachica interpretationeClusium2001
51Marius SalaIntroducere în etimologia limbii româneEditura Univers Enciclopedic; Editura Academiei1999; 2005
3Iorgu IordanNote de cultivare a limbiiLR, X (1), 451961
36Mioara AvramEvoluția subordonării circumstanțiale cu elemente conjuncționale în limba romînăEditura Academiei1960
343Alexandru CiorănescuDicționarul etimologic al limbii române
Diccionario etimológico rumano
Universidad de La Laguna; Editura Saeculum I.O.1958; 2001, 2002, 2005, 2007
244August ScribanDicționaru limbii românești
Etimologii, înţelesuri, exemple, citaţiuni, arhaizme, neologizme, provincializme
Institutul de arte grafice „Presa bună”; Saeculum I.O.1939; 2013
6Sextil PușcariuEtimologiiDR, IV (2), 671-7381924-1926pdf
214Hariton TiktinRumänisch-deutsches WörterbuchImprimeria Statului; Otto Harrassowitz1903-1925; 1985-1988, 2001-2005

The citations/references list is based on indexed publications only, and may therefore be incomplete.
For any and all inquiries related to the database, please contact us at [Please enable javascript to view.].