“Diacronia” bibliometric database (BDD)

Sânt/sunt și paradigma verbului a fi

Publication: Dacoromania. Serie nouă, XV (2), p. 145
Publisher:Editura Academiei
Abstract:This study analyses monographically the complex paradigm of the verb a fi (to be) following the historical development from Latin to Romanian. There are two paradigmatic series, complete or semicomplete.
The short series: Ist person s, îs, IIIrd person e, i, îi, VIth person s, îs, descending directly from the corresponding Latin forms.
The long series: Ist person sânt, sunt, esc, IInd person eşti, IIIrd person este, IVth person sem, sântem, suntem, Vth person seţi, sânteţi, sunteţi, VIth person sânt, sunt.
The study then follows the regional distribution of the forms sânt/sunt according to NALR Transilvania (unpublished manuscript). Both sânt/sunt could be etymological. Sunt may also be due to the Latin etymologizing current in the XVI century, continued by the Şcoala Ardeleană movement.
The paradigm of the verb a fi in the Indicative present contains a unique feature in the morphology of the verb. Thus there are five forms for the Ist person: -s, îs, sânt, sunt, iesc(u); for the IIIrd person there are four: -i, îi, e, este; for the VIth person there are five: -s, îs, sânt, sunt, iest.
Language: Romanian

Citations to this publication: 1

References in this publication: 2

196Viorica Pamfil (ed.)Palia de la Orăştie (1581-1582)
Text, facsimile, indice
Editura Academiei1968
168Tache PapahagiDicţionarul dialectului aromîn
(general şi etimologic)
Editura Academiei1963; 1974

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