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Title:

Constituirea formelor scurte ale demonstrativelor în română

Author:
Publication: Limba română: direcții actuale în cercetarea lingvistică. Actele celui de-al 11-lea Colocviu Internațional al Departamentului de Lingvistică, I, p. 129
Editors:Rodica Zafiu, Adina Dragomirescu, Alexandru Nicolae
Publisher:Editura Universității din București
Place:București
Year:
Abstract:I discuss the origin of the demonstrative forms ăst(a)/astă(-a) and ăl(a)/a(ia). I argue, against the common view of Romanian historical linguistics, that these forms do not directly continue Lat. istu and illu. The series ăl(a)/a(ia) is a recent development of southern Daco-Romanian dialects. It appeared as a result of the replacement of the proximal demonstrative forms (a)cest(a)/(a)ceastă(-a) by ăst(a), astă(-a). The series ăst(a)/astă(-a) represents a development of aiest, aiastă, triggered by the fall of intervocalic -i-. The forms with -h- (ahăst, hăst) have resulted from aăst (< aest < aiest) by epenthesis of -h- in hiatus. The shorter forms ăst/ast, as they spread in regions which only had acest and acel, triggered a similar reshaping of acel(a), yielding ăl(a)/al(a). Latin ille was preserved in Romanian in prenominal position not as a demonstrative, but as a ‘strong’ (i.e. non-affixal) form of the definite article, *alu, an unstressed form which subsequently became specialized for certain contexts, where it underwent reanalysis, yielding genitival al, ordinal al, alalt (< al + alt) and alde (< al + de).
Language: Romanian
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Citations to this publication: 1

References in this publication: 12

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