“Diacronia” bibliometric database (BDD)
Title:

Forms of the Absolute Superlative in Contemporary Spoken Romanian

Author:
Publication: Studii și cercetări de onomastică și lexicologie, II (1-2), p. 214
p-ISSN:2065-7161
e-ISSN:2247-7330
Publisher:Editura Sitech
Place:Craiova
Year:
Abstract:
  • In the contemporary Romanian language, there is a tendency for people to continually try to get integrated into a linguistic fashion, by appropriating all kinds of expressions uttered by people who are frequently present in the media, and who actually mask their linguistic impoverishment. One of the consequences of those tendencies can be detected very easily in the means of expressing the absolute superlative, means that go far beyond the limits of the forms recorded by the actual grammars. We cannot help noticing the special productiveness of different prefixes and prefixoids like super, hiper, ultra, etc., and of the lexemes bestial, criminal, de belea, de comă, etc., specific to the young people’s language. Along with these few observations concerning the way of expressing the superlative, we cannot help noticing that the post-modern society is characterized by the incapacity to communicate using succulent words, that the mindful, natural and elegant language is no longer a feature of today’s speakers.
  • Le parler actuel enregistre la tendance des gens de s’intégrer continuellement à la mode du langage, en s’appropriant toute sorte de répliques appartenant à des personnes généreusement médiatisées, qui en réalité ne font que masquer un vocabulaire pauvre. Une conséquence de cette tendance peut être facilement dépistée dans les moyens d’expression du superlatif absolu, qui dépassent de loin les limites des formes grammaticalisées. Nous ne pouvons passer sur la productivité hors de commun des préixes et des préfixoïdes: super, hiper, ultra, etc. de même que celle des lexèmes bestial, criminal, de belea, de comă, etc., spécifique au langage des jeunes gens. Les remarques que nous venons de faire prouvent que la société post-moderne se caractérise par l’incapacité de communiquer en utilisant des mots pleins de sève, que le langage soigné, naturel et élégant n’est plus l’apanage des locuteurs de nos jours.
Key words:
  • absolute superlative, contemporary Romanian language, lexical impoverishment, adjectiv, speech
  • superlatif absolu, la langue actuelle, l’appauvrissement lexical adjectif, parole
Language: English
Links:  

Citations to this publication: 0

References in this publication: 3

261Angela Bidu-Vrănceanu, Cristina Călărașu, Liliana Ionescu-Ruxăndoiu, Mihaela Mancaș, Gabriela Pană DindeleganDicționar de științe ale limbiiEditura Nemira2001; 2005
179Rodica ZafiuDiversitate stilistică în româna actualăEditura Universităţii2001html
209Mioara AvramGramatica pentru toțiEditura Academiei; Humanitas1986; 1997, 2001

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