Diacronia 3, February 12, 2016, art. A37 (p. 1–9)

A semantic analysis of dual voice in a literary style

Ștefan Oltean


Faculty of Letters, “Babeș–Bolyai” University, Str. Horea 31, 400202 Cluj-Napoca, Romania


Received November 17, 2015
Accepted November 26, 2015
Published February 12, 2016

Key words

dual voice


This article proposes an account of dual voice in free indirect discourse (FID), a point-of-view narrative style used mainly in literary narrative for the representation of verbal events, and of verbal or non-verbal mental events (see Oltean, 1993). First, it sums up in a nutshell the issue of what constitutes FID, without dealing in detail with what distinguishes it from “normal” indirect discourse and direct discourse (see, for this matter, Ehrlich, 1990; McHale, 1978; Oltean, 1993). Next, it addresses the issue of dual voice associated with this discourse mode, after which it gives an outline of the analytical framework. Finally, it provides a description for an FID sentence selected from English literary prose, with a view to furnishing evidence for its dual nature.


  • Full text (in English; 9 p., 450 KB)
  • References and citations in BDD
  • Export citation
    Text:Oltean, Șt. (2016). A semantic analysis of dual voice in a literary style, Diacronia 3 (February 12), A37 (1–9),
     author = {Ștefan Oltean},
     title = {A semantic analysis of dual voice in a literary style},
     journal = {Diacronia},
     ISSN = {2393-1140},
     year = {2016},
     month = {February},
     number = {3},
     eid = {A37},
     doi = {},
     pages = "(1–9)",
     url = {}


© 2016 The Authors. Publishing rights belong to the Journal. The article is freely accessible under the terms and conditions of the CC-BY Open Access licence.

Statistics (RO/EN/Total)

  • Views (this page): 2035 / 2067 / 4102

  • Downloads (full text): 2206 / 2638 / 4844