Diacronia 15, September 26, 2022, art. A204 (p. 1–6)

On the use of dar și [but also] in current Romanian

Adina Chirilă


Faculty of Letters, History and Theology, West University, Bd. Vasile Pârvan 4, 300223 Timișoara, Romania


Received June 6, 2022
Accepted June 15, 2022
Published September 26, 2022

Key words

literary language
language cultivation


In more recent normative works of the Romanian language, the way in which the sequence dar și [but also] is discussed indicates an acceptance of it among the copulative coordinating constructions, along with those organized in correlative pairs. As in the case of nu numai ..., dar și [not only..., but also], the correct involvement in the discourse of dar și is necessarily controlled by the latent adversative semantic content of the conjunction dar [but] from its structure. In everyday use, however, the transmitter no longer takes into account the fact that dar și “focuses the syntactic limb it precedes, presenting it as less likely, therefore more significant”. In situations as such, dar și appears as a verbal excess, instead of the simple coordinating conjunction și [and]. The tendency could be justified by the speaker’s need to compensate, through the formal note and lexical agglomeration, for the simplicity (sometimes pauperity) of the content that is to be transmitted.


  • Full text (in English; 6 p., 125 KB)
  • 6 references and 0 citations in BDD
  • Export citation
    Text:Chirilă, A. (2022). On the use of dar și [but also] in current Romanian, Diacronia 15 (September 26), A204 (1–6),
     author = {Adina Chirilă},
     title = {On the use of dar și [but also] in current Romanian},
     journal = {Diacronia},
     ISSN = {2393-1140},
     year = {2022},
     month = {September},
     number = {15},
     eid = {A204},
     doi = {},
     pages = "(1–6)",
     url = {}


© 2022 The Authors. Publishing rights belong to the Journal. The article is freely accessible under the terms and conditions of the CC-BY Open Access licence.

Statistics (RO/EN/Total)

  • Views (this page): 579 / 465 / 1044

  • Downloads (full text): 1214 / 636 / 1850