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Tudor Arghezi şi Valeriu Anania

Publication: Philologica Jassyensia, VI (2), p. 7-20
Publisher:Institutul de Filologie Română „A. Philippide”
Abstract:The first part attempts to identify the circumstances of the configuration of the poetic spirit of Valeriu Anania, by relating to the personality and work of the two writers who represented declaratively an aesthetic reference: Tudor Arghezi and Vasile Voiculescu. The literary exegesis situates Valeriu Anania as poet at the antipodes of the paradigm of the Romanian religious poetry: as a descendent of Nichifor Crainic’s poetic art, as “the theologian almost always overwhelms the poet, in the sense that the writer cannot afford to lose the track of the religious education in order to create a metaphysics, indeed of Christian inspiration, but with various ways of interpretation, in the manner of Lucian Blaga or Tudor Arghezi, both severely reprimanded by theologians” (Petrescu 1998: 6), up to the opposite opinion: “I would not place him as a poet near Nichifor Crainic, but rather as descendent of Arghezi, who thus proves, similarly to Paul Valery that yet creation is a making, a skill which attracts by any means a mystique, an ineffable mystery” (Pintea 2001: 196). Valeriu Anania, albeit difficult to place as poet in a certain formula of history of literature or in the context of present-day poetry, seems to slide between the aesthetics of the two religious poets whom he met in his literary “apprenticeship”. He takes over the idea of poetic creation as skill from Tudor Arghezi, while from Vasile Voiculescu he takes over the idea of prayer and Eucharist through poetry. This is a blending that will melt in the retort of his own ars poetica, in a supreme effort of homogenising the contraries, a genuine feature of Valeriu Anania’s entire biography and work.
The content of the memoirs reveals the fact that the fundamental affiliation of Valeriu Anania’s poetic art is of Arghezian origin: “the poet’s altar, where every night there was the frightening mystery of bread’s turning into word.” (Anania 1995b: 14). The poetical creation understood as a liturgy of the Christian ritual, the assimilation of the function of the poetical word into that of the secret Eucharist from the Christic body and spirit, will determine the configuration of not few of Valeriu Anania’s poetic arts, definitely the most accomplished segment of his poetry from an aesthetical point of view. We must remember two of the exegete Valeriu Anania’s statements. On the one hand, the religiosity of the Arghezian stanzas must be understood through “the communion with God’s unseen presence in the miracle of the written word. Unable to grasp the mystery, the poet assumes it.” (Anania 1995a: 157). On the other hand, the vision upon the poet creator Vasile Voiculescu: “The poet is, indeed, the creator of his own poetry, but he can also be the instrument through which the utterance of the Logos becomes articulated, sensitive, and communicative.” (Anania 1995c: 191) Valeriu Anania finds the mutual paradigm for both poets to whose poetic art he has confessed as disciple. For Valeiu Anania, the act of artistic creation does nothing but reproduce the demiurgic one, at human scale, through the direct participation of the ontic force. The written word, as terrestrial “material” representative of the Logos is the corner stone of Valeriu Anania’s poetic art – a remarkable effort to conciliate the opposites.
In Rotonda plopilor aprinşi (‘The Rotunda of the Enflamed Poplars’) (1983), the writer metamorphoses the inner time of his being in order to enchant us with unknown details of the life of different important writers whom he was meant to meet and appreciate. The volume offers different hypostases of Tudor Arghezi, Gala Galaction, Anton Holban, Victor Papilian, Lucian Blaga, Ion Luca, Marin Preda, Vasile Voiculescu. However, the volume does not have an empty, purely informational character but it is surrounded in a warm, intimate, sensitive and reflexive tone of confession. The volume proves itself incapable of belonging strictly to the memorialistic genre. The profound originality of Valeriu Anania’s memoirs is rendered not by the informational content but by the modality in which the narrator (identifiable with the author and sometimes overlapping with the eye-witness character and the protagonist, in a tripartition specific for the genre) views this content. It is not the subject itself, but the discourse, not the story but the telling, not the history but the attitude towards history, which sparkle. Ultimately, we shall not discover in Anania’s memoirs the evoked personalities, though this is the apparent intentionality, but Anania himself while revealing the others to himself. “The hero” of these stories is Valeriu Anania himself while the others float inherently in the proximity of his personality. While portraying each of his characters separately, the author writes another page about his self. And every of the evoked proves to be a part of the ontology of his own articulation. Their absence would have meant Valeriu Anania’s inexistence, just as the lack of artistic expression with which he evokes would have meant an incomplete and imperfect literary work of his own.
Key words:poetic art, sacred, memoirs
Language: Romanian

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