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O punte peste timp: accepţiile Primei Conflagraţii – de la scrisorile lui Tristan Tzara către interlocutori din Italia pînă la Recviemul lui Matei Vişniec

Publication: Meridian Critic / Analele Universităţii „Ștefan cel Mare” din Suceava. Seria Filologie. A. Lingvistică, B. Literatură, 30 (1), Section Plenary lectures, p. 11-31
Publisher:Editura Universităţii din Suceava
Abstract:The epistolary exchanges to be presented in this article focus on several of the multiple cultural relationships established by Tristan Tzara, one of the founders of the Dada movement, with futuristic antimarinettieni interlocutors and Guillaume Apollinaire, highlighting the strength and conviction with which avant-garde artists confessed to each other the proudly affiliation to a certain homeland (the native one) and the trust in the justice of some ideals fulfilled through the “pan-Latin” alliance of the First World War.
Turning to Matei Vişniec’s play, in Recviem (the title in Romanian, and Le retour à la maison in French), the memorial element gains a central role in the text economy, at the review of the events a century later from the end of the war, the significations are sending, only in the author’s first language version, to a still painful memory and full of uncomfortable interrogations, the one of the communist dictatorship which marks the period of a grotesque history that proved able to deny the sense of ethical and collective responsibility. The proposed exposition makes possible a bridge over time, the situations comparison clearly pointing the difference between the two historical contexts, illustrated by the texts that will be commented upon. There are, therefore, different types of discourse: the epistolary correspondence, that appeals sometimes to drear tonalities, that takes the form of “authentic”, “sincere” communication or confession, and engaging integral the conscience, sensibility and the human intellectual honesty of the “emitters”, and, on the opposite site, the ludic sarcasm, aggressive or ironic, of some dominant voices, that demagogically manipulates the historical memory of combatants-victims, the latter participants in events whose dynamics will remain obscure.
Key words:The First World War (The First World Conflagration), war, Dadaism, Futurism, The Avant-Garde, bilingual versions, re-write
Language: Romanian

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