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Retorica judecăţii divine în Scriptura ebraică

Publication: Text şi discurs religios, III, Section Traducerea textului sacru, p. 149-157
Publisher:Editura Universităţii „Alexandru Ioan Cuza”
Abstract:The metaphor of God as supreme judge of humanity always referred in the Hebrew Scriptures to the crisis of man and creation. The disquiet of humanity face of the crisis-judgment is not determined by an impersonal action, hidden in the immutable mechanic of the world, but by the presence of the Creator in the history as her judge.The Hebrew term for judgment, mishpat, and the verb shaphat bring in close relationship the political idea of justice with the righteousness as divine attribute. God's judgment does not mean the balancing of good and evil, but the punishment of sin as suffering of the society.The texts Psalm 7, Isaiah 2:2-4 and Joel 4:9-14 (3:9-14 in Hebrew text), written at different times of the history of Israel, are rhetorical reactions to contemporary political situations. In this context, the metaphor of God's judgment, represented by symbolic terms of weapons, of natural cataclysms, of human emotions, is hermeneutical defined by the attributes of divine mercy, grace and justness.
Language: Romanian

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