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Title:

Direcţia ivănesciană în cercetarea limbii române literare

Author:
Publication: Anuar de Lingvistică și Istorie Literară, LIII, p. 383
p-ISSN:0066-4987
Publisher:Editura Academiei
Place:Iași
Year:
Abstract:G. Ivănescu is the first and most important Romanian linguist who established a theoretical point of view and a research method regarding the problem of the literary Romanian. Although he observes the opinions of A. Philippide , G. Ibrăileanu, Iorgu Iordan and others, G. Ivănescu develops and strongly sustains an original theory concerning the study of the cultivated variant of the Romanian language. In his extensive writings, Problemele capitale ale vechii române literare (Iași, 1948; 2nd edition, Iași, 2012) and Istoria limbii române (Iași, 1980; 2nd edition, Iași, 2000), as well as in numerous articles, the scholar from Iași tackles the fundamental issues concerning this broad subject. These are: the concept of literary language; the emergence and the development of literary Romanian; its dialectal grounds (he has developed the theory of the existence of several literary dialects during the ancient age of the Romanian culture); the evolution and the unification of the literary language rules; the modernization and westernization of cultivated Romanian; its stylistic structure; the relation between the literary language and the artistic language; the problems and the proper method of approach when investigating the language of a writer.
G. Ivănescu argues that the origins of the literary Romanian are to be found in the 14th–15th century aristocracy's idiom, which used to differ from one region to another; these differences would eventually lead to the creation of several literary variants, in the ancient age. He also argues that in the history of the Romanian language, there are two wide periods: the ancient age, which lasted till the end of the 18th century; and the modern age, which lasted till the beginning of the 20th century. Furthermore, G. Ivănescu considers that there are obvious distinctions between the vernacular or uncultivated language and the literary language; between the artistic language and the literary one, the latter being unique and unitary; etc.
For many years, his opinions have been rejected or criticized, especially by some linguists from Bucharest. Lately though, G. Ivănescu's ideas have compelled recognition, and have become the foundation and starting point of numerous studies in the vast domain of the history of the Romanian literary language.
Key words:literary language, literary dialect, division into periods, linguistic norm, style, modernization
Language: Romanian
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