Baza de date „Diacronia” (BDD)

Constituirea unei norme gramaticale: relativul pe care

Publicația: Limba română, LVIII (2), p. 285
Editura:Editura Academiei
Rezumat:The article presents, from a diachronic point of view, the concurrency between two patterns of the relative pronoun in the syntactic position of direct object: care and pe care. The current situation (a very large spreading of the relative care in spontaneous spoken language, in contradiction with the norms of standard literary Romanian, which impose the presence of the marker pe) does not represent a new tendency, but continues a very old historical variation. That is why we consider more appropriate to discuss about the ongoing grammaticalization process of the marker pe, rather than about a phenomenon that implies the loss of pe (as is often claimed). We consider that the structure pe care has been recently imposed as a norm of standard language, due to the prestige that some writers had at the end of the 19th century and as a consequence of the preference of normative grammarians for a criterion of rationality (surplus clarity as an advantage for the disambiguisation of syntactic structures).
  • construcţii relative, evoluţia normei, sintaxă istorică, cult vs popular
  • wh-phrases, the evolution of the linguistic norm, diachronic syntax, literary vs. non-literary
Limba: română

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