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Aspects du sacré dans les cités grecques du Pont Gauche

Publicația: Text şi discurs religios, VI, Secțiunea Retorica discursului religios, p. 293-320
Editura:Editura Universităţii „Alexandru Ioan Cuza”
Rezumat:The present paper focuses on several aspects concerning the sacred, as contained in the inscriptions found in the Greek cities’ sites on the left shore of the Blak Sea (the Left Pont). The sacred impregnates all the oficial and private aspects of life in the Greek cities of the Left Pont. It developes two different (yet not antagonical) directions: on one hand, there is the “territoryzation” of the sacred – well attested by the Callatis inscriptions; they call the temple devoted to Dionysos, by the end of the 3rd century B.C. naos, then hieron (sanctuary), during the emperor Tiberius’ epoch, when the temple was surrounded with an enclosure; on the other hand, one can see that the calendar of the Greek cities is saturated with the sacred. Initially, the calendar is an ensemble of ritualic dates. The religious holidays honouring the divinities are fundamental landmarks in how the calendars are organized. The three seasons of the Greek year (winter, spring and summer) are marked by three important holidays: the Pyanepsy-es, the Anthestery-es and the Thargely-es. The center of the propitiatory rituals is ocupied by food gifts and bloody sacrificies. In fact, the bloody sacrifice ilustrates the strong bondage of the sacred and the profane in the Greek cities on the left shore of the Blak Sea. The sacrificial ceremony ends with a sacred banquet, which becomes an ocasion to celebrate the good relationship of men and gods – as depicted by a Callatis inscription.
Cuvinte-cheie:sacred, feast, sacrifice, ritual, contamination, purification
Limba: franceză

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