Baza de date „Diacronia” (BDD)

Relații ternare?

Publicația: Analele Universității din București. Limba și literatura română, LX
Editura:Editura Universității din Bucureşti
Rezumat:The paper is a criticism of an important concept in modern and contemporary Romanian syntax, the concept of triadic relation. After a short presentation of the history of the concept, the paper discusses its definition and extension (as they emerge in the literature devoted to this topic). Triadic relations turn out to be applied to two classes of syntactic structures, conventionally called “structures with predicate nominals” and “structures with secondary object”. It is shown that with respect to either class, the concept of triadic relation is misused. As far as constructions with secondary object are concerned, the analysis proves that an important feature of triadic relations (namely, the existence of a relation between the dependents of the lexical head) is not instantiated. Also, constructions with predicate nominals are shown to exhibit a feature of the relation between the dependents of the head, which is ignored by the defenders of the concept. In the final part of the paper the analysis proposes an approach of the above mentioned types of structures, which makes no resort to the concept of triadic relation. This approach essentially relies on contemporary analyses couched in terms of control and raising. It is thus shown that a triadic structure is not a distinctive feature of the constructions under scrutinity. The conclusion is that the concept of triadic relation is pure history, and that it should be abandoned in future descriptions of Romanian.
Cuvinte-cheie:rhétorique, épistémologie, anthropologie, raison pratique, construction du sens
Limba: română

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