Baza de date „Diacronia” (BDD)

Un cuvânt polimorf: doar

Publicația: Studii și cercetări lingvistice, LXIV (1), p. 25-40
Editura:Editura Academiei
Rezumat:The Romanian restrictive adverb doar (< lat. de hora), which is rightfully approximated by the Romanian linguists to the clitics, can determine a verb, a noun or a noun substitute, an adjective, another adverb or even a whole sentence; it does not accomplish any syntactic function in the sentence, but, together with the determined element, it forms a NP, VP, PP-type constituent. With a rather vague and abstract sense, it often serves to express epistemic modal values. It is always located next to the determined element, having, nevertheless, a certain degree of positional freedom; this fact may produce more or less annoying ambiguities, especially in written communication, where the intonation cannot help decoding the message. Influenced in its discoursive functioning by a multitude of semantic, grammatical, and pragmatic factors, doar can change its status in communication. Its characteristic polymorphism is probably linked to a more or less advanced grammaticalization process. The French translation of Romanian literary texts seems to confirm this hypothesis by the specific features of the corresponding words, proposed for the re-verbalization of the content elaborated in Romanian as source language into the target language.
Limba: română

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