Article
Diacronia 7, April 27, 2018, A101 (1–14)doi:10.17684/i7A101en

The influence of foreign patterns in the morphology section of Ioan Piuariu-Molnar’s grammar (Deutsch-Walachische Sprachlehre, Vienna, 1788)

Ana-Maria Minuț, Ion Lihaciu

Affiliations

Faculty of Letters, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University, Bd. Carol I 11, 700506 Iași, Romania

History

Received January 14, 2018
Accepted February 18, 2018
Published April 27, 2018

Key words

diachrony
linguistic contact
historical grammar

Abstract

One of the stages we have made in the process of publishing the German–Romanian grammar of Ioan Piuariu Molnar consisted in identifying the patterns followed by the author. The statement which claims that Molnar’s grammar followed the pattern of Samuel Micu and George Șincai’s grammar, Elementa linguæ daco-romanæ sive valachicæ (Vienna, 1780) is widespread in today’s literature review. We have found that, in case of some grammar chapters, the influence of this model is clearly confirmed. But there are also chapters different from their corresponding ones in Elementa or chapters that emerge only in Molnar’s grammar, not in that one of Micu and Șincai. This is explained by the fact that Molnar also followed the pattern of foreign grammars, which at that time were successful and were widely spread; these are two French grammars written in German with Latin grammatical terminology: the work of J.R. des Pepliers, Nouvelle et parfaite grammaire royale françoise et allemande. Neue und vollständige königliche französische Grammatik, bisher unter dem Nahmen des Herrn der Pepliers vielmals herausgegeben (Leipzig, 1765, M.G. Weidmanns Erben und Reich Printing House), respectively the grammar of Hilmar Curas, Erleichterte und durch lange Erfahrung verbesserte französische Grammatik (Berlin, 1759, Friedrich Nicolai Printing House). In this article we have revealed the chapters of morphology in which the influence of the Pepliers and Curas’ grammars is confirmed. The influence of foreign patterns is reflected in: the structure of the chapters, the used terminology and the German sequence of words; on the latter, we have highlighted where German equivalents for the Romanian words indicated by Molnar are identical with the German equivalents listed in Pepliers’ grammar or that of Curas for the French words.

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    Text:Minuț, A. & Lihaciu, I. (2018). The influence of foreign patterns in the morphology section of Ioan Piuariu-Molnar’s grammar (Deutsch-Walachische Sprachlehre, Vienna, 1788), Diacronia 7 (April 27), A101 (1–14), http://dx.doi.org/10.17684/i7A101en
    BibTeX:@ARTICLE{minut2018,
     author = {Ana-Maria Minuț, Ion Lihaciu},
     title = {The influence of foreign patterns in the morphology section of Ioan Piuariu-Molnar’s grammar (Deutsch-Walachische Sprachlehre, Vienna, 1788)},
     journal = {Diacronia},
     ISSN = {2393-1140},
     year = {2018},
     month = {April},
     number = {7},
     eid = {A101},
     doi = {10.17684/i7A101en},
     pages = "(1–14)",
     url = {http://www.diacronia.ro/journal/issue/7/A101/en}
    }

Copyright

© 2018 The Authors. Publishing rights belong to the Journal. The article is freely accessible under the terms and conditions of the CC-BY Open Access licence.

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