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De la sintaxă teoretică la sintaxă computațională. Metode și perspective

Publication: Lucrările celui de-al șaselea Simpozion Internațional de Lingvistică, București, 29-30 mai 2015, Section Lingvistică teoretică și aplicată, p. 530-539
Editors:Maria Stanciu Istrate, Daniela Răuțu
Publisher:Editura Univers Enciclopedic Gold
Abstract:[From theoretical syntax to computational syntax. Methods and prospects]
Modern syntax theorists and authors of syntactic computational models start their research from Noam Chomsky. But the similarities end here. The two areas are like conducted in two parallel worlds, each with different references, different starting point and different purpose.
Theoretical syntax tries to build models as appropriate as possible for the complexity and variety of natural language, or is concerned with the genesis of syntactical structures in the human mind, with the description of the faculty of language. Nowadays, computational models are designed for the formalization of the same phenomenon of the natural language so that it can be stored and modeled by computer programs.
Neither of the two tasks is easy or less important; without natural language processing performances can not be achieved in machine translation and free flow of inter-lingua information.
The syntactical analysis is one of syntagmatic type, the signs chain is considered as being organized in a hierarchical structure based on subordination (dependence). So what follows for each theoretical or computational model are different types of trees. We will present some models that, despite differences in method and purpose, reach surprisingly similar syntax trees.
Key words:transformational grammar, case grammar, constituency grammar, dependency grammar, HPSG grammar
Language: Romanian

Citations to this publication: 0

References in this publication: 6

27John LyonsIntroducere în lingvistica teoreticăEditura Științifică1995
7Emanuel VasiliuPreliminarii logice la semantica frazeiEditura Științifică și Enciclopedică1978
35Gabriela Pană DindeleganSintaxa transformațională a grupului verbal în limba românăEditura Academiei1974
13Emanuel VasiliuElemente de teorie semantică a limbilor naturaleEditura Academiei1970
56Noam ChomskyAspects of the theory of syntaxMIT Press1965, 1969
35Noam ChomskySyntactic StructuresMouton & Co.; Mouton de Gruyter1957, 1963, 1972; 2002

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