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Cyrillic writing technique - means of preserving national and confessional identity of the orthodox Romanians in 19th century Transylvania. Applications on two Old Romanian grammars

Publication: The Proceedings of the International Conference Globalization, Intercultural Dialogue and National Identity. Section: Language and Discourse, 1, p. 915-919
Editors:Iulian Boldea
Publisher:Arhipelag XXI Press
Abstract:Cyrillic characters have been a necessity for writing all Romanian texts untill the Latin alphabet has been officially imposed and the mixed script began to be used. Only in the eighteenth century, when Enlightenment and Latin models entered Romanian territories, Cyrillic graphy began to be considered inappropriate and the Latin script seemed to be a better option. Orthodox Romanian people imposed an endurance to this kind of replacement due to the fact that the Latin script usage involved a familiarity to the Catholic Church. This endurance determined that, for a long period from the eighteenth century, normative papers were written in the Cyrillic alphabet. Two of the most important kind of papers are Observaţii sau băgări de seamă asupra regulilor şi orînduielilor gramaticii româneşti (1787) by Ienăchiţă Văcărescu and Romanian Grammar of Radu Tempea (1797). These two papers are written in Cyrillic, even if it had been also written another grammar paper in Latin script, called Elementa linguae daco-romanae sive valachicae, by Samuil Micu and Gheorghe Şincai.
This paper aims to present some features of the two grammar texts graphy and to justify the script options of the authors, in favor of the Cyrillic alphabet. Besides the need of writting accesible texts (taking in consideration the fact that both texts are designed with a didactic purpose), in the grammars mentioned the authors insist to keep graphic support, due to the desire to preserve national and confessional identity of the Orthodox Romanians in Transylvania from eighteenth century.
Key words:the eighteenth century, Romanian literary language, grammar texts, Cyrillic alphabet, Enlightenment
Language: Romanian

Citations to this publication: 0

References in this publication: 1

99Samuil Micu, Gheorghe ȘincaiElementa linguae daco-romanae sive valachicaeKurzböck; Typis Regiae Universitatis Pestanae; Dacia1780; 1805; 1980html

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