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Typological Patterns in the Toponymy of the Borşa Area, Maramureş County

Publication: Studii și cercetări de onomastică și lexicologie, VI (1-2)
Publisher:Editura Sitech
  • When submitted to analysis, the structure of site names points out, at first, the use of some obsolete grammatical forms. Secondly, it reveals the most frequent grammatical phenomena. The present study focuses on illustrating the typological patterns we are able to identify in the toponyms of Borşa, Maramureş County (within the localities Borşa and Moisei). We have grouped the compound toponyms in seven distinct categories, according to the morphological and syntactical structures underlying them. The interpretation we provide aims to delimit and to discuss in a parallel the synthetic and analytical forms. On the other hand, we point out which grammatical cases are emphasized by these toponymic forms. The analysis on these toponyms has demonstrated that, in the creation of site names, the language structures are used as well, but, as a significant remark, toponyms are much more stable than appellatives (which may disappear from that language or, in time, lose their initial meanings). However, toponyms are also able to preserve, by their existence, linguistic structures which have been eliminated from the current standard language.
  • L’analyse de la structure des noms de lieux met en évidence d’une part l’utilisation de certaines formes grammaticales obsolètes, et d’autre part les processus grammaticaux le plus fréquents. La présente étude se concentre sur l’illustration des modes typologiques rencontrées dans la toponymie de la région de Borşa, Maramureş (dans les localités Borşa et Moisei). Les noms topiques composés sont regroupés en sept catégories, en fonction des structures syntaxiques et morphologiques qui sont à leur origine. L’interprétation se propose de délimiter à la fois un parallélisme entre les formes synthétiques et analytiques et les cas syntaxiques valorifiés. L’analyse toponymique montre que les structures de la langue sont également utilisées dans la création des noms de lieux, mais on remarque que les toponymes sont plus stables que les appellatifs (qui peuvent sortir de la langue ou perdre leur sens au fil du temps), tout en conservant des structures disparues de la langue standard.
Key words:
  • toponymy, structure, typological patterns, parallelism, region
  • toponymie, structure, modèle typologique, parallélisme, région
Language: English

Citations to this publication: 1

References in this publication: 3

5Vasile FrățilăToponimie și dialectologieMega2011
65Vasile FrățilăStudii de toponimie și dialectologieExcelsior Art2002
176Iorgu IordanToponimia romîneascăEditura Academiei1963

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