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Nominal vs adpositional adjuncts

Publication: Analele Universității din București. Limba și literatura română, LXI, p. 47-59
Publisher:Editura Universității din Bucureşti
Abstract:In this paper, we analyze the use of noun phrases as adjuncts, without adpositional marking. We first compare languages with and without a case system (with: Old French, Romanian, German, Russian, Polish and Finnish; without: Modern French, Italian, English, Bulgarian). We show that the use of these nominal adjuncts (NAs) is highly constrained, and that semantics in particular play an important role: NAs appear frequently with temporal meanings, in all of these languages; whereas those with spatial meanings seem more constrained, less frequent and mostly appear in languages that have a case system.
We then go on to analyze in greater detail the conditions of use of these NAs, with a corpus study on Old French, which helps us confirm the hypothesis that semantics play a major role, more than other constraints which we take the trouble to evaluate: word order, presence of articles and modifiers, context.
Key words:nominal adjunct, adpositional adjunct, case marking, space, time, manner
Language: English

Citations to this publication: 0

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