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Verba dicendi din limba latină: o propunere de clasificare semantică

Publication: Studii și cercetări lingvistice, LXIV (1), p. 57-83
Publisher:Editura Academiei
Abstract:The present paper proposes a possible semantic classification of Latin verba dicendi. We consider verba dicendi to be those verbs used to report the words uttered by a speaker: in direct and indirect speech. The verbs were distributed in different classes according to different discourse aspects they refer to: relationship between speaker, addressee and the message transmitted, speech acts, aspects of the uttering act (emotion during the uttering process: sadness, anger; intensity: high, low), discursive forms (dictare, narrare, pronuntiare, etc.) and organization of discourse (the beginning or the end of a speech, interposing in someone else’s speech, the repetition of a message, etc.). Our research on Latin verba dicendi revealed a very heterogeneous class, in which many verbs developed the secondary meaning ‘to say’, process based on interesting analogies with other human activities (iactare ‘to throw’) or with natural phenomena (intonare ‘to thunder’).
Language: Romanian

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