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Aspecte morfosintactice ale textelor religioase din secolul al XVI-lea

Publication: Philologica Jassyensia, VIII (1), p. 9-18
Publisher:Institutul de Filologie Română „A. Philippide”
Abstract:Such concepts as capability, possibility, necessity and obligation are expressed, in Romanian, by the so-called “modal-auxiliary” verbs: a putea, a trebui, a vrea, a fi, a avea and a veni. These verbs have some specific characteristics.
It is generally accepted that the word TIME stands for the concept with which mankind is familiar, devided into past, present and future. And, one must also underline that it is something independent of language. By TENSE we understand that correspondence between the form of the verb and our concept of time. ASPECT is the manner in which a verbal action is experienced or regarded. In Romanian, the “aspect-auxiliary” verbs are: a începe, a continua, a conteni, a isprăvi, a înceta, a sfârşi, a termina.
The present article is about flexional verbal forms, also called “compound”, “analitic” or “periphrastic” in the grammars of inflected languages. We are going to identify this type of verbal forms in Coresi’s Tetraevanghelul. We didn’t have Coresi’s text (printed in 1560-1561) to work with, but we based our research on a newer edition, namely that of Gherasim Timuş Piteşteanu. The bishop reprinted Coresi’s text in 1889, in Bucharest (at a printing house named Tipografia Cărţilor Bisericeşti.
In order to better describe the morphematic structure of the flexional verbal forms, we consider that Bloomfield’s distinction between bound and free forms is highly appropriate and relevant.
Key words:passive structures, modal-auxiliary, aspect-auxiliary, compound verbal forms, morphematic structure, flexional verbal forms
Language: Romanian

Citations to this publication: 1

References in this publication: 7

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